In 1863 the area now Navajo County was part of Yavapai County.
In 1896 it became part of Apache County. In 1896 it became Navajo County.


Hash Knife cowboys in 1877. Some of them turned to cattle rustling.
Some started their own spreads with hashknife cattle. The sheriff captured and hanged some of them. 
The superintendent fired 52 of 83 of them for being dishonest.

The first cattle ranch was started by Aztec Land and Cattle Company of New York which assembled investors to buy one million acres of land at 50 cents per acre, then founded the ranch near Holbrook, Arizona  in 1871.

Because of it's brand it was known as the Hashknife Outfit. In Texas they bought 33,000 long horn cattle and 2,000 horses and shipped them by railroad, with many cowboys,  to start the ranch.

In those days the the four major preditors of cattle and sheep were, wolves, bears, mountain lions, and Indians. Apparently all feasted rather well.

The first store in Navajo County was built as a trading post at the village of Kanyenta pictured in the header. The trading post later became a school, and today it is saved as a historical structure.

Kanyenta is the gateway to the Tribal Park at Monument Valley 22 miles north.

The Indian town there is Goulding, which was named as a trading post in 1923.

Monument Valley is a Navajo Nation tribal park, on the border between Arizona and  Utah.

It preserves the Navajo way of life and some beautiful landscapes of sandstone buttes, mesas and spires in the Southwest. The area is entirely within the Navajo Reservation.


Hopi villages are built around three mesas.

The oldest village on the first mesa is Walpi which was built in 1690 after the pueblo revolt of 1680.

The old village Koechaptevel at the foot of the mesa was abandoned out of fear of the Spanish soldiers.

The Tewa people live on first mesa, but the Hopis also live on mesas two and three.

Winslow is off-reservation trust land of the Hopi tribe. 

A bit south is the Hopi Indian Reservation which is surrounded by the Navajo Reservation.


The Hopi Tribal Council is the local governing body consisting of elected officials from the various reservation villages under authority of the Hopi Constitution. The Hopis consider their life on the reservation as an idealistic continuance of their historical culture. Today the Navajo County industries are tourism, mining, manufacturing, lumber milling, and ranching.

Canned Histories TM by donkelly
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